A Brake system is a safety feature system responsible for decelerating and keeping the vehicle's movement. The frictional force is the main force that functions as the essential component of the braking system, Every brake component works on the principles of friction which opposes any force and may increase by applying brakes.
- The brake system converts the kinetic energy of the moving vehicle to heat energy through frictional force.
- During the braking operation, the driver depresses the brake pedal which produces hydraulic pressure that comes from the master cylinder.
- The brake fluid is pumped and distributed onto a series of brake pipelines and hoses going to hydraulically operated pistons which are located in each wheel's hub assembly.
- A frictional force is produced from the brake pads or shoes going onto rotating parts. When the system is in good working operation it helps in preventing possible collisions that could lead to an accident and potential tragedies.
- The brake fluid is a chemically inert hydraulic fluid used to transmit force and motion. It also lubricates the pistons in the master cylinder, wheel cylinders, and calipers
- The three types of brake fluid classified by DOT ( Department of Transportation) as DOT 3, DOT 4, and DOT 5.
- DOT 3 is commonly used, DOT 4 was developed for the disc brake systems that is capable of developing higher temperatures than drum-brake systems; while DOT 5 is a silicon-based type that can also take higher temperatures, however, not compatible with DOT 3 and DOT 4 and must not be mixed with either of them