How to turn phone into car diagnostic scanner using ELM327 Bluetooth adapter and OBD2 port
Turning your phone into an OBD2 scanner is easy. In less than five minutes you can troubleshoot your car yourself. You can read, clear, reset fault codes or monitor your engine performance with your smartphone.
In this article, we will show you how to use your iPhone or Android phone as a diagnostic scanner. If your check engine light turned on, you will be able to know right away what the DTC code is, what it means and even reset it in seconds. There are many other benefits such as checking to see if the vehicle is ready to pass the emission test.
What you will need:
- 1. iPhone or Android smartphone
You already have this.
- 2. Free OBD2 software
There are many free Bluetooth OBD2 apps that you can download from the Apple Play or Google Play store. Two of our favorite apps are Torque Lite for Android or DashCommand for Apple. In this tutorial, we will be using Torque app but any free OBD2 Bluetooth app will allow you to diagnose your car and reset the check engine light.
- 3. Bluetooth Adapter - Average Cost $20
A Bluetooth ELM327 adapter is probably the only piece you are missing. These OBD2 Bluetooth adapters have flooded the market and unfortunately, many of them are fake that fail to communicate with all vehicles. We would recommend that you go for BAFX Bluetooth OBDII adapter which is one of the highest rated Bluetooth adapters.
How to use OBD2 Bluetooth scanner + smart smartphone
These instructions work on all vehicles 1996 and newer including domestic makes such as Ford, Chrysler, GM; Asian makes such as Honda, Toyota, Subaru; Europen models such as Jaguar, Land Rover, BMW, Porche, VW, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz etc.
Step 1: Plug Bluetooth Adapter into the OBD2 port
The OBD2 port is located on the driver side under the dashboard. Typically it is near the hood release. Here is a couple of pictures on how the OBD2 port looks.
Step 2: Turn on ignition
Turn the ignition until all the dashboard lights come on. This is position II. Don't turn on the car yet.
Step 3: Pair Bluetooth Adapter with your phone.
On your smartphone go to Settings > Bluetooth and turn it on.
Next, search for new devices.
You will see the name of the Bluetooth adapter. It may show as OBDII, Vlink, Bluetooth ELM 327, BAFX, Kobra, BlueDriver or Scan Tool depending on the Bluetooth device that you purchased.
Click on the name of the OBDII adapter and enter the pairing code. The pairing code should have been provided by the device manufacturer.
Enter pairing code.
If they didn't provide you with a code try 1234 or 0000.
Step 4: Scan vehicle for codes
Once the pairing is complete, allow the phone to connect to your vehicle's ECU. Click on read fault codes. If your check engine light is on, you will get a Diagnostic Trouble Code (often referred ad DTC or fault code) and a description of what it means.
You can also monitor the readiness status to see if your vehicle is ready to pass the emission/smog test.
As you can see in this picture this vehicle is not ready for emission test. Once you all the test change to Complete you will be able to take your car for emission testing and pass it. ;)
Using your phone to diagnose your car's Check Engine Light (CEL) and fault codes is easy and can save you money hundreds of dollars in the long run.
An OBD2 Bluetooth adapter will also allow you to monitor your car sensor live and test to see if the vehicle is ready for emission testing.
Don't expect to be able to diagnose ABS, Airbag or ESP light with a $20 dollar Bluetooth adapter. If you are buying an ELM327 adapter you won't be able to connect to any other system except the ECU. Which is fine if you are looking to monitor the engine and CEL.
As the Bluetooth technology evolves we hope to see Bluetooth adapters be able to scan multiple vehicle systems. We are already seeing Bluetooth tools such as BlueDriver OBD-II Scan Tool evolving and being able to read and clear codes from ABS, Airbag, and transmission but this feature works only on GM, Ford, Chrysler, Toyota, BMW, and Mini.
Best Bluetooth OBD2 Car App
There are so many Bluetooth OBD car aps for both iPhone and Android devices. We wanted to share with you Top 5 most popular auto diagnostic OBD2 apps.
Top 5 FREE Android OBD2 Bluetooth Apps
Can display real-time sensor data. Can store diagnostics parameters from ECU for any OBD-II compliant car. Support data reading PID's from cars with 2 and more ECU.
This obd2 APP is great for monitoring the ECU. Shows the basic required parameters:
1) Flow rate cars
3) Spent fuel for the trip
4) Distance traveled per trip
5) Engine speed
6) Vehicle Speed
7) The temperature of the engine
8) Alternator voltage of the car
9) High speed
For all vehicle diagnostics to OBD-2/EOBD standards. Basically anything 1996 and newer.
Allow you to setup dashboard, data monitor, setup gauges, check for fault codes and reset. Over 1 million installs and 4+ star rating.
We have to admit this is the OBD2 app our staff uses. The Lite version is free and allows you save logs, monitor emission readiness, read, erase clear check engine light and a lot more.
Benefits of using a Bluetooth adapter to diagnose your car
- Check Engine Light On
If your check engine lights came on, you don't need to go to your dealer (or mechanic) and pay over $100 for a simple diagnostic that you can easily perform yourself. Even if you don't plan on doing the repair yourself, it is to your benefit to know the cause of the problem. You can research the problem before you choose the repair shop that is going to fix your car. If the problem is just a loose gas cap, you can fix it yourself for free.
- Display live sensor data
This is a list of sensor data that you can monitor live as your engine is running.
- Engine RPMs
- Engine Coolant Temperature
- Fuel System Monitoring
- Show Vehicle Speed on your phone in case speedometer is broken.
- Long and Short Term Fuel Trim
- Intake Manifold Pressure
- Intake Air Temperature / Air Flow Rate
- Timing Advance
- Throttle Position
- Oxygen O2 Sensor
- Check Emission Readiness Status
You don't need to drive all the way to your inspection facility to know if your car will pass smog test or not. You can use your phone to know exactly when to take you car for an inspection.
- Vehicle Information
You can retrieve the VIN number stored in the ECU using your phone. Just in case it doesn't match with the one printed on the vehicle sticker.