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BMW instrument clusters have several issues ranging from dead pixels problem to gauge not working or the instrument cluster display losing power.

Table of Contents

These problems can occur after jump-starting a dead battery, resulting from extreme weather conditions or an older vehicle.

Most of these problems are caused by the KOMBI module. Throughout this guide, you'll learn about the KOMBI module, common BMW instrument cluster problems, and how to read and clear codes from the KOMBI module.

What is the BMW KOMBI module?

BMW KOMBI control unit is the module that controls the instrument cluster.


Things that you may notice if your BMW instrument cluster fails.

  • Information display failure cluster power loss.
  • The instrument cluster is not working after a jump start.
  • Speedometer, rev counter, a trip computer, fuel or temp gauge not working
  • None of the gauges work or light up.
  • No interior sound (beep), no radio/clock, no backup camera.
  • Fuel and temp gauges give out false readings.
  • Turn signals do not flash on a cluster.
  • High beam not displayed in the cluster
  • The odometer is hard to read.
  • Intermittent or non-working gauges
  • Fuel, temperature, MPG, speedometer, tachometer needles stuck.
  • Lights are faded, dim, or not working.
  • Missing display pixels and can't read data
  • Problems communicating with the unit
  • The diagnostic scanner will not talk to the KOMBI module.
  • The cluster loses power intermittently.

Common Problems

In this section, we will take a look at common BMW cluster problems.

BMW cluster issues can range from complete or partial loss of LCD, fading Information display, back Light burning out, and even gauge (stepper motor) failures.

Dead Pixel Problem

bmw dead pixel issue lcd dim

BMW pixel problem is a common issue on many 2001 - 2006 BMW E53 X5, 1996 - 2003 E39 5-Series, 1995 - 2001 E38 7-Series. Instead of replacing the cluster, which can be expensive, use a repair service to change the LCD and the ribbon cable on your existing cluster.

A BMW repair service is much cheaper than replacing the cluster. You will have to remove your cluster and send it in for repair. The mileage and other settings on your cluster remain the same, no need to program your cluster.

Check out these BMW Instrument Cluster Repair Service on eBay listings.

Stuck Gauges

When the fuel, temperature, MPG, speedometer, tachometer needles get stuck or barely move, the problem can be the stepper motors that move the needle.

You will either have to replace your BMW cluster or fix your existing cluster to fix this problem. Check out these listings on BMW Stepper Motor Repair Service on eBay. You will have to remove and ship your existing BMW cluster to get it repaired.

Dim cluster issue 

You may notice that it is difficult to see the lights on your BMW cluster during the day. Increasing the cluster light intensity using the dimmer button does not fix the problem. First, check that the dimmer switch is not the problem.

The dimmer switch itself can fail. Another common problem is the backlight cluster bulbs burning out. Some models, such as the M2, are known to have visibility issues. Part of the problem is that the M2 has low contrast silver letters.

Manually switching on the lights or programming the dashboard lights always helps slightly but does not solve it.

Dead cluster after a jump start

Many BMW owners report that the instrument cluster stops working after the car is jump-started. Functions such as fuel gauge, tachometer, digital display, odometer, and speedometer stop working.

This problem can sometimes be fixed by resetting the instrument cluster for at least ten minutes. You can reset your BMW cluster either by removing the cluster fuses, using a diagnostic scanner, or unplugging the cluster itself for a few minutes.

Note that there can be up to three fuses related to the IC. Note that a bad capacitor can also cause this problem on the PCB. Follow these instructions to jump-start BMW properly.

Electrolytic capacitor

bmw cluster issue due to bad capacitor

On BMW that are ten years or older, capacitors inside the instrument cluster can fail. Replacing the failed capacitor will bring your BMW instrument cluster back to life.

Bad Printed Circuit Board (PCD)

Solder joints on the PCD can crack, causing intermittent issues where one or more instrument cluster functions such as the odometer stopped working.

The instrument cluster can be removed, and the joints, including the connector pins, should be inspected and resoldered if they have any cracks.

Light Control Module 

LCM and instrument cluster share information such as data for mileage, VIN, etc. LCM is located in the front passenger footwell. It can get wet, causing issues and instrument cluster malfunctions.

Other problems

blown a fuse, defective instrument cluster, issue with the voltage regulator, gauge motor, wiring, instrument cluster circuit board, blown LED lights,

How to Reset BMW Instrument Cluster

Resetting the cluster will often fix a BMW instrument cluster problem.

  1. Remove the fuse for the instrument cluster. There may be more than one fuse that you need to disconnect. Typically fuse 43 is the one that needs to be removed but check your fuse chart. Keep fuse removed overnight.
  2. Remove the instrument cluster and keep it disconnected for at least twelve hours.
  3. Use a diagnostic scanner to reset the instrument cluster.

Don't worry; resetting the cluster does not clear your odometer (mileage) reading. There are a few ways that you can reset the cluster.

Perform the BMW cluster reset with the key removed from the ignition (ignition off).

Troubleshooting BMW Instrument Cluster Problems

BMW instrument clusters are becoming more complicated and difficult to repair. The next-generation BMW dynamic digital instrument cluster is a good example.

Check Instrument Cluster Fuses

check bmw fuses

The first step is to check the fuse for the instrument cluster. If the fuse has not blown, disconnecting the battery for a few minutes can sometimes bring your BMW instrument cluster back to life.

Also, check the age of the battery. An old battery that doesn't hold the required charge can cause malfunctions on a BMW cluster.

Determine the fuses that control the IC by looking at the fuse chart. Check fuses 1, 10, 17, 34, 43, 55 depending on model.

Diagnosing BMW KOMBI Module

The good news is that BMW instrument cluster KOMBI modules can be diagnosed with a BMW scanner.

If you are experiencing problems using a BMW scanner to read fault codes from the BMW KOMBI module. If any code shows PRESENT status, the problem needs to be fixed before the code can be cleared.


  1. Plugin the OBD-II scanner into the diagnostic port under the dashboard. diagnose bmw Instrument Cluster fault code via obd2 port


  2. Turn on the ignition; don't start the engine. turn on bmw ignition to read Instrument Cluster fault codes


  3. Turn on the scanner and select your BMW chassis. Next, Select the Control Units menu. bmw Instrument Cluster control unit module reading codes


  4. Select Instrument Cluster clear bmw instrument cluster fault codes dtc


  5. Once you enter the Instrument Cluster module, you will be able to do the following.
    • Read Codes from Instrument Cluster Module
    • Clear Codes from Instrument Cluster Module
    • Perform Adaptations, Activations, Tests

List of scanners that read and clear BMW KOMBI module fault codes.

You will need a diagnostic scanner to read, clear, and perform bi-directional tests on the BMW KOMBI module. You must verify that the scanner that you use supports your BMW model and year. 


This is a list of tests and sensor activations that you can perform via the Instrument Cluster module.

  • Reset Instrument Cluster
  • The self-test instrument panel
  • Check speed reading

TIP! Your scanner must be able to perform bi-directional tests to carry out these adaptations.

Live Instrument Cluster Data

In the Instrument Cluster Module, you can display live data and test various instrument cluster functions.

  • Check operation of ODO reset button
  • Check the coolant level
  • Engine speed
  • Onboard computer button
  • Outside temperature display
  • Outside temperature
  • Parking brake operation
  • Fuel tank level sensors 1 and 2
  • Washer fluid level

Where to Repair BMW Instrument Cluster? 

Before you decide to replace your BMW cluster, consider getting the existing unit repaired. If you can remove your cluster, you can send it to a service center that repairs BMW clusters.

Almost all BMW cluster problems can be repaired, including dead pixels, cluster completely dead, no backlight, stuck gauges, and even no communication with the cluster.

BMW Instrument Cluster Repair Service on eBay

Most BMW cluster repair services range from $150 to $300 depending on the issue, while a new BMW cluster at the dealer costs over $1000.

Installing a BMW cluster

If your BMW cluster has failed and can not be repaired, the only option is to replace it. You have two options: install a new BMW cluster by the dealer, which typically costs over $1000, or install a used BMW cluster and get it programmed to match your car's miles.

New cluster

A new BMW cluster has the mileage set to 0. It must be coded for various items, including the correct mileage and specific options for your car.

At the dealer, a new cluster and programming can cost anywhere from $850 to $1500.

Used cluster

It is possible to install a used BMW instrument cluster on eBay.

When installing a used BMW cluster, the main issue is that the mileage of the used cluster will not match the mileage on your car.

While your BMW dealer will not program a used BMW cluster, you can use a third party to perform mileage correction so that the miles on the used cluster match your car's mileage.


You will need to send the used cluster to the service center. Make sure to provide mileage from your car and VIN.

Common BMW Instrument Cluster Fault Codes

Many fault codes can be saved in BMW, the KOMBI module. Below are a few examples of codes stored in the BMW Instrument Cluster module.

  • 931D KOMBI Undervoltage or Overvoltage
  • E114A6 - No message (status, ambient brightness), receiver KOMBI, transmitter JBE
  • E11420 - KOMBI: ServiceCall cannot be executed