In this guide, you will learn about common problems that trigger Volvo ABS light and diagnose the ABS light yourself.
What does Volvo ABS Anti Skid Service Required Mean?
Volvo warning message ABS Anti-skid service required displays on the instrument cluster when the ABS malfunctions.
Volvo anti-lock brake system (ABS) light will come on when the ABS module detects a problem with the ABS pump, ABS wheel speed sensors, steering angle sensor, or the ABS conbrake system (ABS) light will come on when the ABS module detects a problem with the ABS pump, ABS wheel speed sensors, steering angle sensor, or the ABS control module.
Your wheels may lock up during braking and lose tractive contact with the road. The vehicle may skid and require a longer distance to stop during hard braking situations.
If your Volvo has traction or stability control, those systems get disabled since they depend on the ABS to function properly. If you continue to drive with the ABS light on, the check engine light may also come on. The car may even go into limp mode or even stall while driving.
In addition to the ABS light, you may experience one or more of the following symptoms.
- ABS Service Required
- Brake light on
- Anti-skid disabled
- Traction light on, STC light on
- Traction Off
- Check engine light
- Car shuts off unexpectedly
- Odometer shows ------ mileage
- Cruise control stops working
- Transmission shift light
- Brake failure, stop asap
- Speedometer works intermittently
- Sluggish acceleration
- Anti Skid Temporarily Off
Many of these symptoms are intermittent. You may experience these problems more frequently if the weather is extremely hot, humid, or driving on a bumpy road. They often disappear when the car is restarted.
A defective Central Electronic Module causes some of these symptoms.
- Damaged ABS Wheel speed sensors,
- Faulty ABS pump, motor, module
- Steering angle sensor faulty
- Wiring short
- Central Electronic Module (CEM) defective
- Low battery voltage
To find out why your Volvo ABS light is on, you will need to read fault codes from the ABS module. See the instructions in the next section.
Soft Reset Volvo ABS
Park the car in a safe spot. Turn off the ignition. Wait for fifteen seconds and restart the car.
In many cases, a soft reset will turn off the Volvo ABS light.
If the ABS light comes back on, have your Volvo diagnosed as the problem will eventually return.
How to Diagnose Volvo ABS Light
The next step is to use a scanner such as iCarsoft for Volvo or Launch Creader to read Volvo ABS module fault codes. Generic OBD2 scanners are not able to read Volvo ABS codes. Use a Volvo-specific scanner.
Troubleshooting Volvo ABS Light
Volvo ABS warning light on the instrument cluster should go out after starting the engine, indicating the system is okay. If the light stays on after starting the engine, it is an indication that there is a malfunction.
Read Codes From ABS Module
Volvo ABS units have a very high failure rate due to faulty solder joints.
When the ABS module fails, and the ABS light, the traction control light may come on. Once the ABS module fails due to broken joints, it loses communication with the ABS pump, wheel speed sensors, and other modules.
A fault code is stored in the ABS module that describes what triggered the ABS error. You can use an iCarsoft for Volvo to diagnose the Volvo ABS module.
Keep in mind you can't use a generic OBD2 scanner to diagnose Volvo ABS problems. You can use any Volvo scanner that can read ABS module fault codes.
ABS module failure on Volvo vehicles such as XC70, V70, S60, S40, V40, V50, XC60, XC90, S60, S70, S80, C30, XC90 is quite common.
If you get a fault code for the high-pressure ABS pump or a defective wheel speed sensor, the issue may be the ABS module itself and not those components.
Common Volvo ABS Fault Codes
- ECM-A02B Communication, the control module for ABS-faulty signal
- CEM-1A5F Communication with ABS control module Signal missing
- ABS-0070 Pump motor faulty signal
- ABS-0080 Control Module faulty signal
- ABS - 0115 Communication between control modules
Quite often, mechanics who do not have experience working on Volvo vehicles may misdiagnose the problem.
For example, they replace the ABS wheel speed sensor because the fault says a bad sensor. Replacing the ABS wheel speed sensor may not fix the problem because the issue is with the ABS module's connections.
The first step is to check the fuses for the ABS module. You don't need any special tools for this.
Locate the fuse panel on the engine bay and side of the dashboard. Look at the chart for the fuse for ABS.
If the fuse is blown, replace the fuse.
Replace ABS Relay
Inspect the ABS relay typically located in the fuse box in the engine bay. It isn't easy to visually verify if the relay is working properly. Replace the ABS relay with a working relay.
Wheel Speed Sensor
When you read the ABS codes with a Volvo scanner, you may get a fault code for a faulty wheel sensor signal circuit fault. The first step would be to remove one wheel and check your wheel speed sensors for dirt or debris.
Next, you will need to replace the ABS sensor. If the ABS light stays on after replacing the wheel ABS sensor, clear the fault codes from the ABS module. If you cannot clear the ABS fault codes, the most likely issue is a defective ABS module.
A low brake fluid level will trigger the brake light to come on and a warning message. Check the brake fluid level as soon as possible. Have your car diagnosed ASAP if you keep loose brake fluid.
Your car should not lose any brake fluid. If you are losing brake fluid, you have an issue that needs to be addressed immediately.
How to fix a Volvo ABS module?
There are a couple of ways to fix Volvo ABS module problems.
- You can have the Volvo dealer replace the ABS module, which costs $1000+. The average cost for the Volvo ABS module repair at the dealer ranges between $1500-$2000.
- A cheaper alternative is to remove the module and send it to a specialist that offers Volvo ABS Module Repair Service, which you can order on eBay. The specialist will disassemble the ABS module and repair the broken connections.
Replacing the module with a used unit works on older models. Used modules no longer work on newer Volvo models because the VIN needs to be codded into the module itself and match the car.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can I continue to drive my Volvo if the ABS light is on?
When the anti-lock brake system fails, the brakes will still operate normally but without ABS. The wheels may lock up if you slam on the brakes during an emergency stopping situation. If your Volvo is equipped with traction control, that system will also be disablbrake system fails, the brakes will still operate normally but without ABS. The wheels may lock up if you slam on the brakes during an emergency stopping situation. If your Volvo is equipped with traction control, that system will also be disabled. You can continue to drive with extra caution. Get your Volvo diagnosed as soon as possible.
Where is the Volvo ABS module located?
The Abs Module is located on the left side of the engine compartment under the ABS pump. It has Torx bolts, but it can also be removed with a 4mm socket.
Can I drive my car with no ABS module?
Most models, yes. We do not recommend it. The ABS module can be removed and the pump left in place, allowing the vehicle to be driven with normal brakes but no ABS.
Does Volvo make their own ABS module?
Volvo does not make its own ABS Control Module. They are, in most cases, made by Bosch or ATE.