Are you in the market to buy a used car and have found out that a vehicle you are interested in buying has a salvage title? Salvage title may also be referred to as a restored title.
In this article, we explain what Salvage Title means. Learn how cars become Salvage. The pros and cons of buying a car with a salvage title. Most importantly, you will learn how to value salvage title cars based on our experience of buying and selling cars.
By the end of this article, you can make an educated decision on whether a salvage title car is worth it. We will also look at several real vehicles and the damage they had to be deemed a salvage car.
What is a salvage car?
A salvage title means that the car was declared a total loss by the insurance company. In most cases, this is because the cost to repair the vehicle excesses 75%* of its market value.
*The exact percentage can range between 60% and 80% or higher. Some states have requirements on this while others don't and leave it up to the insurance company.
The most common reason for a car to get a salvage title is a car wreck. Many vehicles have a title branded Restored or Salvage after a significant accident (not always, more on this later).
How does the salvage title process work?
You get in a car accident. The insurance company has determined that it will cost over 75% of the value of (the current fair market value) the car to fix it. Let us assume that your vehicle has a current market value of $10,000. It will take $8,200 ( Over 75% of its value) to fix all the damage. In this case, the insurance can declare the car a total loss.
They pay you the owner the market value of $10,000. In turn, the insurance company takes the car from the owner and sends it to an auction like Copart, where they try to recover as much money as possible by selling the damaged car.
During this process, the insurance company will apply for a salvage certificate of the local motor vehicle division (DMV, MVA, MVD). A car dealer or a body shop buy the damaged car for a fraction of the market value (more on this later) and repairs it. The car has now become a salvage vehicle and is back on the car market for sale.
Why some cars don't get a salvage title after an accident
Some vehicles may have been involved in major accidents but never got a salvage title.
How is that possible?
Rember that the insurance company is the one that evaluates the damage and determines when to declare a car total loss. There are other cases when cars are involved in severe accidents, but they never get a salvage title. Let's explore a few of these cases.
Self-Insured and Rental Companies
There are large self-insured companies. That means they don't need Geico, Liberty Mutual, or car insurance to insure them. They provide their bonds and insurance coverage. A few examples are large corporations, the local and federal government, and rental companies.
When these cars get involved in severe accidents, it is up to these companies to decide what to do with the vehicles. Often they send them to car auctions to recover part of the value of the vehicle. They can sell them as parts title, salvage title, or even clean title.
Often these cars have been involved in accidents, some of them severe enough to deploy the airbags. These cars are not only sold without a salvage title but often may be sold as a CLEAN TITLE.
Liability only insurance
Let's say you are the owner of a Honda Civic and have already paid the car loan. To save money, you change the vehicle insurance from full coverage to liability only. One week later, you rear-end a Toyota Corolla. You are the one who caused the accident and was at fault.
Your insurance company will pay for the damages of the other car, Toyota Corolla. You have to pay to fix your car insurance to liability only. Even though the Honda Civic has considerable damage, it never gets a salvage title because the insurance company doesn't have to worry about your car.
You fix it yourself or find a cheap body shop to fix your Honda. If you had full coverage, your Honda Civic would have been declared a totaled by the insurance company because it would have cost too much to fix it properly.
Some cars have severe damage due to an accident but never get issued a salvage title. You may be driving one of them and never know. Everyday cars that are sold at car auctions such as Manheim and Adessa can have a considerable amount of damage, but yet they never get a restored title.
Why cars get restored or salvage title
A car can get a salvage title for multiple reasons.
If the vehicle was involved in a significant disaster. In most cases, the cost to repair the car is over 75% of the value of the car. This value, in some cases, is enforced by the state or is left up to the insurance companies.
If the car was stolen and then recovered weeks later, it might also end up with a salvage title. The vehicle needs to be missing for some time of days for it to get a salvage title.
- Flood damage
Sometimes a flooded car will get a salvage title. Not always, and the rules vary by state. Some states may not have branding for flooded vehicles, or they use salvage title branding.
A car that has been vandalized, such as spray-painted may also get a salvage title. The insurance company decides that it will cost more than what the car is worth to repaint the vehicle. This can be the case of an older car.
Should I buy a car with salvage title?
Having owned several vehicles with salvage title, we can't say don't buy a car with salvage. When you consider that a salvage title vehicle can be purchased at 30% to 50% of the regular price, it is tempting to consider one. The key to buying a car with a salvage title is to understand why the vehicle has a salvage title and ensure the vehicle has been repaired properly.
You will find many car owners who only drive vehicles that have restored title. There are countless articles online that will advise you that buying a car with a salvage title is not a good idea. The truth is that both can be right.
A car that has a salvage title can be a bargain, or it can be the worst mistake you have ever made. To help you avoid costly errors, here are some guidelines to keep in mind when buying a vehicle with a salvage title.
- Never pay more than 70% of the market value for a car with a salvage title. A fully restored vehicle. If damage exists you should pay even less.
Check out the listing of similar vehicles in your area. What is the price they sell for? Research the make model, year, and mileage. Check KBB and NADA used cars, private party values. These services don't offer to price salvage cars. To get an idea, multiple the private party valuation with 0.7.
- Make sure the vehicle is repaired properly
Ensure that the car has been adequately repaired. If the dealer or the person who is selling the car is the first "salvage title" owner, they may know what the car looked like after the accident or why it has a branded title. Ask them for pictures or details of how the car looked before it was repaired. You don't want to buy a vehicle that is welded up from two different car bodies.
- Always perform a pre-sale inspection.
Take the car to a mechanic or the dealer and have them perform an extensive inspection. Tell the mechanic to check the vehicle carefully for frame and body damage and shady repairs. The mechanic will check the mechanical condition of the vehicle, but they should also check for body and frame damage during the inspection. You will have to pay $100-$150 for such an inspection, but it will be worth it.
When you should not buy a salvage vehicle
Avoid Flood Vehicles
We would avoid flood vehicles. The issue with flood cars is that water could have gotten into electronic components. While everything with the car may seem to be working fine now, in a few months or years, corrosion can cause all sorts of electrical malfunctions and nightmares.
It is better to avoid salvage title vehicles that were branded due to flood damage unless you know the history of the car and are confident that water didn't get into any of the electrical components, engine, and interior.
Junk Title Vehicle
Some states may issue junk title or part title for vehicles that have been involved in significant accidents. These vehicles have considerable damage and should only be sent to the junkyard. Most states don't issue titles for these vehicles, but a few countries do.
Some of these cars end back up on the road. Our recommendation is to avoid with Junk / Scrap title.
How much are salvage title cars worth?
It is difficult to price cars that have a restored title. Evaluation tools such as Kelly Blue Book and Edmunds don't provide pricing information on cars with a salvage title.
Rule of thumb
If you have found a salvage car that you want to buy, don't pay more than 70% of its market value. If you decide to buy it get a vehicle inspection to verify the vehicle has been repaired properly and is in good working condition.
Check out similar listings of the same car in your area. Determine the value of the vehicle with a salvage title and multiply that with 0.70. Let's say you conclude that the vehicle would usually be listed for $8,000, assuming it has a clean title.
Multiply $8,000 x 0.7 = $5600 is the most we recommend that you pay for that car. The car should be in good condition, running and adequately repaired. Why should you spend any more? Depending on the amount of damage that the vehicle most likely sold for around 25% to 30% of the market value at the auction.
The seller could have picked up the car for $8000x0.3= $2400. If they are smart, they shouldn't have spent more than $2000 to rebuild the car. Which means they have around $4400 invested in the vehicle.
It is not advisable to pay a full market price for a car with a restored / salvage title.
Now let's look at how many cars with salvage title sell for at auto auction.
For example, this 2016 Hyundai Sonata has an MSRP of $24,500 and an average retail value of $17,000, assuming the car has a clean title. At the time of this writing, this was a one-year-old car. At the dealer, auctions would typically sell for $12,500. Now, check out what this Sonata, which has a restored title, sells for at a car the salvage auction. (Sold on March of 2017)
Pros and Cons of Buying a Salvage Car
- Great Deal
You can get a great deal on a car with a salvage title. If the car is already fixed, you may get it for only 2/3 of its fair market price. If the vehicle is wrecked as low as 1/2 of the market price.
- Resale Value
Salvage cars have lower resale value. Keep in mind that if you get into another car accident and your salvage car gets totaled a second time, you won't get as much money for your vehicle. The insurance companies won't pay you full price on a vehicle with previous salvage history.
- Insurance Coverage
You won't have any problem getting liability insurance on a car with a salvage title, but if you need to have full or comprehensive insurance policy, expect to have a hard time finding an insurance company that will do that.
- Warranty Coverage
If you buy a new model car with a rebuilt title, your dealer won't provide any warranty, and maybe not even recalls in some cases. You may get a great deal on a two-year-old vehicle, but what if there is a significant defect with the engine a year later you are on your own. The dealer won't replace the engine for free since your car has salvage history.
- Repair Quality
Cars can end up with a salvage title for something as minor as a hood and bumper damage to cases where half of the vehicle is wrecked, and you need a donor car. We often see salvage cars that haven't been properly repaired and in some cases, not even painted by a professional. That's why you must always perform a pre-sale inspection on a car with a salvage title.
Where to buy salvage cars?
If you are an individual looking for a good deal on a salvage car, check out Salvage Cars for Sale. You have the added protection that eBay offers. If you are a car dealer and are looking to buy wrecked vehicles, you can register with Copart, the largest wholesaler of stranded cars. Make sure to follow our tips above when purchasing a car with a restored title.
Everyone may advise you to avoid a salvage car. The truth is that salvage title cars can be a great buy or the worst purchase you ever made. If you aren't prepared and don't know what to look for, you probably should NOT purchase a salvage / restored car. Always find out why the vehicle has a salvage title. If the vehicle has a branded title, don't pay more than 70% of its market value if it is repaired. Pay even less if the vehicle is still wrecked.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can I get insurance for a car with a salvage car with a restored title?
- Yes. Most insurance companies will provide liability coverage for cars with a restored title. Keep in mind that if you find an insurance company that will offer full coverage on a vehicle with a salvage title, the insurance won't pay you the full market value if you end up totaling your car.
Is it wrong to buy a car with a salvage title?
- Yes and No. You can get a great deal on a car with a salvage / restored title. In some cases, these cars have minor damage. A vehicle with salvage title may have only needed a new fender, hood, and bumper. The airbag may have never been deployed. As long as the car was repaired correctly, you should be fine.
- In some cases, a car may have been stolen and found three weeks later. The vehicle can have a salvage title, but its structural integrity was never compromised. The bottom line is that you may be able to get a great deal on a salvage car but always do your homework. For more details, check the pros and cons of buying a salvage car above.
How to get a salvage car?
- You can buy cars with salvage titles on sites such as eBay. Car dealers post vehicles with a salvage title, and in some cases, they don't even fix them. They sell these cars at discounted prices. You can see the extent of the damage and decide if you want to repair that car yourself. You can get great deals on some of these cars.