Proper fluid maintenance will keep your vehicle running smoothly and lasting long. Changing the engine oil yourself can save you lots of time and money, plus it just feels good to know how to do it. If you are a first-timer, don't be intimidated, we will show you this in-depth guide every step of the way.
Follow along, and you'll be able to change the oil on your vehicle and most models in no time.
What you will need
- First, always be sure to wear proper safety equipment, gear up with gloves to protect your hands and safety glasses for your eyes. Pop the hood and remove the engine oil fill cap to allow air to flow through the crankcase, and the engine oil will drain faster.
- Next, jack the vehicle up and support it on jack stands. Make sure to use proper lift points, the pinch welds at the very front of the vehicle are often a good place, and rubber jack support pads are often a good idea to use.
- Under the back of the engine is a metal shield that needs to be removed to get access to the oil pan bolt; it is held on by four 8mm bolts. Unscrew these and carefully take the metal shield off and set it aside.
- Place the oil pan under the front of the engine under where the engine oil filter is.
- Next, the oil filter needs to come off; it may unscrew by hand, but more often than not, an oil filter wrench will be needed. Locate the filter on the front of the engine perpendicular to the face. The oil filter holds about a half qt. If oil will spill out, make sure to catch any oil in the oil drain pan.
- Get your new filter and new oil. Use the new oil to coat the rubber seal on your new oil filter. This will prevent any leaks and the seal from sticking to the engine block during the next oil change. Always be sure to do a visual check when the old filter is removed to ensure the old seal also came off; double sealing the new filter over the old seal will lead to engine oil blowing past the seals.
- Screw on the new filter enough, then give it a quarter turn; this can be done by hand with good grip or carefully with an oil filter wrench placed on the grooves at the end of the filter. Gripping it with the wrench here will not bend or damage it.
- Clean up any spilled oil on the engine block or surrounding area, such as the frame or metal shield with brake parts cleaner and shop towels.
- Next, place the oil drain pan underneath the oil pan bolt, be sure to position the oil pan in the direction the oil will come out. When the oil drains, it will have a steady stream that can shoot as far as a foot, be ready to move the oil pan if necessary. Remove the oil pan bolt with a 15 mm wrench or ratchet and socket.
- Let the oil drain until there is no longer a stream; if it is just dripping, this is okay to put the oil pan bolt back in.Always inspect the oil ban bolt threads, make sure it looks good, replace if necessary. Screw the bolt back in and tighten with a wrench or ratchet.A good bit of elbow grease when tightening with a 3/8 ratchet or box end wrench is usually enough. Do not overtighten and strip the threads.
- After the oil ban bolt is tight, use some brake cleaner and shop towels and clean up this area. Back up top under the hood, use a funnel in the oil fill hole, carefully pour the correct oil capacity into the engine, and replace the oil fill cap. Specifications are down below.
- Now is a good time to take the used oil and pour it into whatever container the new oil came from. Use a funnel, and with a steady hand, pour the used oil into the container. Old oil can be disposed of at auto parts stores or special waste centers.
- Replace the metal shield and tighten it back down with its bolts. Remove the jack stands and place the vehicle on level ground.
- Start the vehicle for a few seconds, reset the oil light by following this guide. Please wait a minute, check the dipstick on level ground by taking it out, wiping excess oil off, reinserting and pulling it back out, and make sure the oil level is at the MAX mark on the dipstick.
- With the oil at the correct level, run the vehicle for a few minutes and do a last visual check underneath to ensure no major oil leaks, and you are done! If you feel unconfident about whether or not the oil will leak, a visual check can always be done periodically for peace of mind, and it is never a bad idea to keep an eye on!
- Reset the oil service reminder via the steering wheel buttons. Use the arrow buttons on the left side of the steering wheel to scroll all the way to the main menu. Use the arrows to highlight “Display Mode." Use the right arrow to select it. Scroll down to “Engine Information. Press and hold the “OK” button for about 3 seconds to reset the oil life.
All Ford models and domestic vehicles, including Ford F-150, F-250, F-450/550 years: 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021 including Super Duty and XL, XLT, Lariat, King Ranch, Raptor, Platinum, and Limited.
I changed my oil; why is my service oil light on?
The service oil light is a reminder to change the oil. After an oil change, this light will go off when the oil life is reset. You can refer to this guide to reset the oil life on your Ford vehicle. Older model Fords may need to be reset a different way. Often this can be done by holding down on the brake and gas pedal while turning the ignition to the ON position and holding for about five to ten seconds.
How many miles can I drive before my oil needs to be changed and my oil life is up?
The oil life percent on Ford is based on an interval of 7,500 - 10,000 miles driven in lights conditions. An intelligent monitoring system in place tells whether the vehicle has driven in heavy conditions such as towing, steep hills, or offroad that will decrease the oil life, and a typical interval in those conditions is around 5,000 miles.
It is always a safe bet to have the oil changed around 5,000 - 7,500 miles if you want to take extra care. Great maintenance can lead to the longevity of your vehicle.
This 2019 Ford F-150 has a 3.5 liter EcoBoost engine. The type of oil and capacity for this engine is shown below.
- Engine oil viscosity - 5w-30
- Engine oil capacity - 6 qt.
- Ford F150 equipped with 2.7L V6 engine and 3.5L V6 engine requires 6 quarts of 5W-30 Full Synthetic Oil.
- Fords F150 equipped with the 3.3L V6 require 5w-20 and holds 6 quarts of 5W-20 Full Synthetic Oil.
- Fords F-150 equipped with the 5.0L V8 require 8.8 quarts of 5w-20 Full Synthetic.
- Fords F-150 equipped with the 3.0L V6 diesel engine require 6.4 quarts of 5w-30 Full Synthetic Diesel Oil.
Ford F150 Won't Start After Oil Change.
In most cases, a Ford F150 won't start after an oil change because the car battery is partially discharged. If you left the radio or ignition on as you changed the oil on your Ford F150, the battery might have discharged, and you can no longer start the truck.
The battery may be discharged even if the lights or dashboard turns on. To get your truck started again, jump-start it.
Ford F150 Low oil pressure after the oil change
If low oil pressure light comes on after an oil change, make sure the oil filter is tight. Next, check the engine oil level.
How to reset Ford F150 after an oil change?
Use the arrow buttons on the left side of the steering wheel to scroll all the way to the main menu.
Use the arrows to highlight Display Mode and use the right arrow to select it. Scroll down to Engine Information. Press and hold the “OK” button for about 3 seconds to reset the oil life.