BMW Won’t Start Due to IBS Sensor Fault

BMW Won't Start Due to IBS Sensor Fault

This article will discuss the BMW intelligent battery sensor, also known as the BMW IBS. We will explain what the IBS sensor does, common problems associated with the sensor, and how to troubleshoot IBS problems yourself.

The IBS (Intelligent Battery Sensor) is a critical component in the BMW electrical system, as it monitors and manages the battery’s charge level. If the IBS sensor is faulty, the battery’s charge level may be inaccurately reported, causing the vehicle’s control module to take incorrect actions. This can result in the BMW not starting or exhibiting other related electrical problems.

What is BMW  Intelligent Battery Sensor – IBS?

BMW IBS SENSOR LOCATION

The IBS sensor is located on the negative battery cable and consists of two components: a voltage sensor and a temperature sensor. The voltage sensor measures the battery voltage and communicates this information to the vehicle’s control module. The temperature sensor measures the battery temperature and compensates for the battery voltage readings accordingly.

BMW IBS failure symptoms

BMW Engine Cover Removal

When the IBS sensor is faulty, the voltage and temperature readings may be incorrect, leading the vehicle’s control module to make incorrect battery charging and usage decisions. This can result in the BMW not starting or exhibiting other related electrical problems.

BMW service engine soon light on dashboard

Here are some common symptoms of a BMW IBS (Intelligent Battery Sensor) failure:

  • Engine not starting: The IBS sensor plays a critical role in managing the battery’s charge level, and a failure of this component can result in the engine not starting.
  • Battery warning light illuminated: If the IBS sensor is not functioning correctly, it can cause the battery warning light to illuminate on the dashboard.
  • Battery drains quickly: A faulty IBS sensor can cause the battery to discharge faster than normal, leading to frequent battery replacements.
  • Electrical faults: A malfunctioning IBS sensor can cause other electrical faults in the vehicle, such as flickering lights, radio or power windows not functioning, or other electrical components not working properly.
  • Engine stalls or stutters: If the IBS sensor is not accurately reporting the battery’s charge level, it can cause the engine to stall or stutter.
  • BMW battery will drain when parked
  • BMW will not go to “sleep,” drains the battery
  • IBS is not able to wake up the DME
  • Voltage fault, DME not on. This can be caused due to a short at the B+ line.
  • Voltage fault DME on, which can be caused to ground short
  • Car battery is dead, the car won’t start

It’s important to note that a failing IBS sensor may cause other related electrical issues and should be addressed as soon as possible. A trained technician can diagnose the problem using a diagnostic scan tool and perform any necessary repairs or replacements to restore proper function to the vehicle’s electrical system.

Battery plays a critical role in BMW cars. The Intelligent Battery Sensor (IBS) monitors various battery parameters such as voltage, current, and temperature.

The IBS sensor is mounted on the battery negative terminal with a ground cable and two connectors. One of the IBS cables connects to get power from the positive terminal. The second cable is connected to the DME and measures the battery load. This is known as the Bit Serial Data Interface or BSD.

BMW IBS sensor measures several battery parameters, such as:

  • Terminal Voltage
  • Charging current
  • Discharge current
  • Battery Temperature
  • SoC (State of Charge)
  • SoH (State of Health

How to Troubleshoot BMW IBS Sensor

YOUCANIC UCAN2 SCANNER BMW

It is important to address IBS sensor faults as soon as they are detected to prevent further damage to the battery and electrical system and to ensure reliable vehicle operation.

To diagnose and repair the issue, a trained technician must use a diagnostic scan tool to retrieve the fault codes and data from the vehicle’s control module. The technician will inspect the IBS sensor and its connections and perform necessary repairs or replacements.

Also, scan the DME module for fault codes to determine if the IBS sensor on BMW is defective. You will need a BMW diagnostic scanner, such as the YOUCANIC Full System Scanner that can read fault codes on every control module of your vehicle.

  1. Locate the OBD-II port under the dashboard, driver’s side.
  2. Plug your diagnostic scanner into the port.
  3. Turn on the ignition but do not start the engine.
  4. Turn on your scanner and allow it to communicate with the onboard diagnostic system.
  5. Select your BMW make and model.
  6. Go to Control Units.
  7. Select DME from the menu.
  8. Select read fault codes.

Fault codes related to the IBS sensor are stored in the DME module. The DME will check the current, voltage, and temperature. These messages may be stored in the DME module if there is a problem with the IBS sensor. Common DTCs that you may see include:

  • Voltage Fault
  • 299B DME Intelligent Battery Sensor
  • 002E8D DME: Intelligent Battery Sensor, signal transmission

Recall

From time to time, BMW may recall vehicles if they have been manufactured with safety defects.  To find out if your BMW has an IBS sensor recall, you need to call the dealer and provide them with the VIN or check for recalls online.

How much does a new BMW IBS Sensor cost?

Depending on the series, a brand-new BMW IBS sensor costs anywhere from $150 to $250. Search for  BMW IBS Sensor on eBay online.

Can I bypass the IBS Sensor on a BMW?

Disconnecting the IBS cable from the negative terminal will disable the IBS communication with DME. This is not a solution. Bypassing the BMW IBS sensor is not recommended. If you bypass the IBS sensor, no information from the battery and its charge status will be available for the DME.

Additional Resources

  1. BMW TIS – Intelligent battery sensor_ E60, E61, E63, E64 Installation location Item Description.pdf
  2. BMW IBS “ Intelligent Battery Sensor “ What Is It, What Does It Do?
  3. BMW Intelligent Battery Sensor (IBS)

We hope you find the BMW Won’t Start Due to IBS Sensor Fault guide helpful. Check these troubleshooting and repair guides for more help on your BMW.

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