How can a BMW diagnostic scanner troubleshoot the (Fuel Pump Control Unit) EKPS module? Learn how to troubleshoot and fix the problem by following the procedures below.
What is the BMW EKPS module?
The electronic fuel pump control module (EKPS | EKP ) controls the fuel pump.
The EKPS control unit is different from the fuel pump. EKPS units are generally installed in the trunk (side panel) or under the rear seat while the fuel pump is mounted on top of the fuel tank.
The engine management system sends the request for the fuel required at the moment to the EKPS control module. The EKPS control module converts this request into a corresponding engine speed for the fuel pump in the fuel tank. The EKPS control module then activates the fuel pump according to the engine speed. – TIS Document 16 02 03036
When replacing the EKPS module, it is required the new EKPS module is programmed (coded) to the car.
Many BMW owners have successfully swapped their EKPS module with a used one without programming it as long as the used unit is from a similar BMW model and engine.
Symptoms of bad EKPS Module
List of possible symptoms you may notice if the EKPS module or one of its components fails.
- Warning message on iDrive screen
- Fuel supply low
- Fuel Pump Malfunction
- Engine Malfunction! Reduced Power!
- Engine cranks but will not start
- Fuel pump voltage too low
- The engine starts and then shakes
- Hesitation under hard acceleration
- Engine misfire and sputtering
- BMW would not stay running
In some cases, the engine may start but shake and then cut off. Waiting a few minutes will often allow you to restart the engine.
How to Diagnose BMW EKPS Problems?
If you are experiencing problems, reading fault codes from the EKPS module is a good starting point.
If any code is PRESENT, it needs to be addressed. If codes are in STORED / PAST status, they can be erased.
- Plugin the OBD-II scanner into the diagnostic port under the dashboard.
- Turn on the ignition; don’t start the engine.
- Turn on the scanner and select your BMW chassis. Next, Select the Control Units menu.
- Select Drive, then EKPS fuel pump control.
- Once you enter the EKPS module, you can do the following.
- Read Codes from EKPS Module
- Clear Codes from EKPS Module
- Perform Adaptations, Activations, Tests
What Causes BMW EKPS Problems?
A defective EKPS control unit, bad fuel pumps, or leaky injectors can demonstrate similar symptoms. Proper diagnostics can be a challenge even for experienced BMW technicians.
- EKPS Module – EKPS module can fail to cause no start problems or cause issues under hard acceleration. A software update may address certain EKPS module issues. If a software update does not fix the problem, replacing the EKPS module may be necessary.
- Fuel Pumps – BMW cars have two fuel pumps. Low-pressure fuel pump (LPFP) and the high-pressure fuel pump (HPFP). Either one can fail to prevent your BMW from staring or cause low-pressure error messages to come up. If you are experiencing problems where the car will run rough and the engine RPMs will not go past 2000, the problem could be fuel pumps.
- Leaky injectors – One leaking fuel injector can cause the same symptoms and even trigger fault codes in the EKPS module. Test the fuel injectors to ensure a leaky injector is not the problem.
This is a list of activities you can perform via the EKPS module.
- Reset the EKPS control unit
- Activate fuel pump
TIP! Your scanner must perform bi-directional tests to carry out these adaptations and activate sensors or modules.
In the EKPS Module, you can display live data from various sensors communicating with the EKPS module.
- Fuel pump actual speed Unit r/min
- Setpoint delivery quantity via CAN bus from engine Unit l/h
- Specified delivery rate, fuel pump Unit l/h
- Specified speed, fuel pump Unit r/min
- Current at the fuel pump (A)
- The voltage at the fuel pump, terminal 15, terminal 30 (Volt)
Hundreds of fault codes can be saved in the BMW EKPS module. Below are some examples of codes stored in the BMW EKPS module.
- 481B01 EKPS control voltage too low
- 6292 EKPS – Control voltage to low
- 6291 6293 – Control Current too high
- 0029DC – Low pressure in the high-pressure system
- 0029F3 – Fuel pressure sensor, electric (Could also be caused by a defective fuel pressure sensor. )
- 002B2C – High-pressure fuel system, fuel pressure
- 0029DC – High-pressure fuel, plausibility, cold start
- 29F2 – DME fuel high-pressure system, fuel pressure.
- 29F1 – DME (gasoline engine control)Fuel pressure fuel, plausibility
- 2AAE – Fuel pump, Intermittent
A diagnostic scanner can read, clear, and perform bi-directional tests on BMW vehicles. You must verify that your scanner supports your BMW model and year. Full system scanners that work on BMW vehicles can range from $150 to $800. Check the YOUCANIC Full System Scanner supports all makes and models.
We hope you find the BMW Fuel Pump Control Unit Problems | EKPS module guide helpful. Check these troubleshooting and repair guides for more help on your BMW.