Ford Check Engine Light Troubleshooting
Is your Ford check engine light on? Ford Check Engine Light (CEL) or also known as service engine soon (SES) warning may stay on after the engine is started if a problem has been detected by the On-Board Diagnostic System (OBD-II).
Under normal operation, Ford check engine light will turn on when you turn on the ignition but should turn off and stay off once you start the engine.
Here are some of the most common symptoms owners notice when their Ford check engine light stays on.
- Ford may idle or run rough
- A decrease in fuel economy
- The engine won’t stay running
- Ford loses power or is stuck in gear
- Hesitates during acceleration
- Powertrain malfunction/Reduced power - this message comes on when a powertrain problem has been detected.
In some cases, the Ford check engine light comes on and no other symptoms are noticed.
Ford Check Engine Light Flashing
If your Ford check engine or service engine light is flashing, it means that the OBD-II system has detected an engine misfire. This is often caused by a bad spark plug or defective ignition coil but can be caused by other issues as well.
What is happening when your Ford check engine light is flashing is that fuel is not getting burned in the cylinder but is existing unburned and typically gets burned at the catalytic converter.
Avoid driving your Ford if the check engine light is flashing as this condition may cause unnecessary damage to the engine and the catalytic converter.
Ford Check Engine Light Flashing 8 Times
If your Ford check engine light blinks eight times when you turn on the ignition, it means that the vehicle is not ready for State Emission Inspection, I/M test. This typically happens if the codes were recently erased with an OBD-II scanner or the battery was disconnected.
As long as the lights stops blinking after eight flashes, you can continue to drive the vehicle. Within a few driving cycles, all systems should be tested and the CEL should no long flash at startup.
How to read Ford Check Engine Light Codes
Your Ford check engine light on causes vary. Without reading Ford check engine diagnostic trouble codes (DTC) it is difficult to know what the problem is.
These instructions work on 1996 and newer Ford vehicles including Ford Mustang, Focus, Fiesta, F-150, Ranger, Explorer, EcoSport, Escape, Fusion, F250, Expedition, Edge, Transit, Taurus, Flex, Shelby GT, C-Max etc.
What you will need
- Locate the diagnostics port under the dashboard of your Ford.
- Connect your OBD-II scanner into the diagnostics port.
- Turn on the ignition by pressing the Start button without pressing the brake pedal.
- Allow the scanner to power up. Press read to retrieve codes that have triggered your Ford check engine light. These are the codes that have triggered the check engine light on your Ford.
- Once you fix the problem that triggered the code, come back to the main menu and select Clear Codes.
Ford Check Engine Light ON Common Causes
In some cases, the O ring in the fuel cap gets damaged. If that’s the case, you will need to replace the fuel cap. You can use an OBD-II scanner or drive the vehicle for a few days for your Ford engine computer to reset the check engine light.
Newer Ford vehicles equipped with Easy Fuel have no gas cap at all.
Mass Air Flow Sensor
Often referred to as the MAF sensor, the mass air flow sensor can fail triggering Ford check engine light to come on. If your Ford MAF sensor is defective, you will notice engine hesitation during acceleration and a dramatic decrease in fuel economy.
Typical codes stored in the ECU when the MAF fails are P0171 and P0174. Resetting these codes by disconnecting the battery for a few minutes does not fix the problem. In a few cases, you may be able to fix this problem by using MAF sensor cleaner. The recommended fix is to replace your Ford Mass Air Flow Sensor with a new OEM Ford unit. Aftermarket Ford MAF sensors can sometimes malfunction even when brand new.
The oxygen sensors (O2) mounted on the catalytic converter can fail to cause the check engine light to come on, poor engine performance and a decrease in fuel economy.
One of the most common Ford codes related to the oxygen sensor is P0132 caused by an oxygen sensor circuit high voltage.
A common problem that is known to trigger the check engine light on Ford vehicles, especially Fusions equipped with the 4 cylinder engine is a defective Variable Camshaft Timing solenoid also known as VCT solenoid.
A defective VCT solenoid will cause the engine to run rough and trigger the check engine light at the same time. The code related to this problem is usually P0012 - "A" Camshaft Position - Timing Over-Retarded (Bank 1). Related codes include P0011, P0010, P0013, P0014.
The ignition coils may fail triggering Ford check engine light to come on. Common symptoms include not only check engine light on but engine misfire, running rough and fault codes ranging from P0300 through P03012.
It is recommended to change the spark plug boots at the same time. If your Ford check engine light stays on after replacing the ignition coils check the MAF sensor, spark plugs, catalytic converter, and the ECU.
Frequently Asked Questions
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